Missional House Churches in the United StatesBy J. D. Payne
The wonderful missionary work of house churches throughout the Majority World is no surprise to anyone reading this article. We continually hear reports of rapid church growth occurring through the ministries of such churches. However, when one thinks of house churches that are making an impact for the kingdom, he or she generally does not think such churches exist in North America.
In my recently published book, Missional House Churches: Reaching Our Communities with the Gospel1, however, I reported my research of thirty-three house churches in the United States which are both experiencing conversion growth and are planting other churches. The book is the first published work studying house churches and their missionary activities in the United States. Although these churches are not a representative sample of all American house churches, they do offer an encouraging model of what the Lord is presently doing in a Western context through non-traditional expressions of the Body of Christ.
Meet the Churches
The thirty-three churches represented in the study are located in every geographical region of the United States. They were found in rural areas, suburban communities, small towns, and large urban environments. Although the Anglo community was the most represented group among the churches, there was a great amount of ethnic diversity. The churches also consisted of people from every living generation. Such churches were not solely comprised of young adults, but age ranges extended from infants to adults in their seventies. Such churches had a high view of the Bible and espoused many conservative evangelical theological perspectives, especially related to salvation matters.
Many of the churches were only a few years old. Forty-six percent of the churches had been meeting for one to three years. However, twenty-one percent were at least ten years old. The average size of each of these churches ranged from fourteen to seventeen people, with one church consisting of more than thirty-four members.
Baptisms and Church Planting
The churches had to meet two screening criteria prior to being admitted into the study. First, they had to have baptized at least one person in the year prior to the study. Second, they had to have planted at least one church within the three previous years. Due to the low numbers of baptisms in the United States and numbers of churches involved in church planting, I set these two parameters very low.
The missional house churches in the study baptized an average of four to six people in the previous year, which gave them an average membership to baptismal ratio of approximately 4.3:1 to 2.3:1. It should be noted that the membership to baptismal ratio is one statistic used by missiologists to assist in evaluating evangelistic health. The statistic is the number of church members it takes in a given year to reach one person with the gospel and see that person baptized into the membership of the church. Therefore, it is expected that the lower ratios reveal a greater evangelistic effectiveness among the members. These churches had some of the lowest baptism to membership ratios in all of North America. Also, these churches consisted of many new believers, with each church consisting of twenty-four to forty-three percent recent converts.
Dr. J. D. Payne serves with both the North American Mission Board and The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. He is author of The Barnabas Factors: Eight Essential Practices of Church Planting Team Members.